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Macedonia Military


The Macedonian military is a defence force consisting of an army (armija); an air force (voeno vozduhoplovstvo); and a professional military unit, the Macedonian Special Forces (Volci).

The national defence policy aims to guarantee:

• the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the republic;
• the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace; and
• to defend the country's constitution.

Its main interests remain the development and maintenance of a credible capability to defend the nation's vital interests and development of the Macedonia Army in such a way that ensures their interoperability with the armed forces of NATO and the European Union member states and their capability to participate in the full range of Alliance missions.

The army is the main arm of the Macedonian ground forces. It plays the key role in securing the safety and unity of the territory of the Macedonian republic. The army is divided into the rapid reaction forces, strategic reserve forces and support forces. The rapid reaction forces represent the main active combat capability of the military and consist of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Brigade and the Armour Battalion. The strategic reserve forces provide reserve brigades that can be called up in times of emergency. The 3rd Brigade and 4th Brigade are considered priority reserve units, while a further six units, numbered five through ten, also are maintained. The support forces include a number of units to support the rapid reaction and reserve forces in operation.

The Macedonian Air Force is the main arm of the Macedonian aviation forces. It has an important role in enhancing flight safety of the Macedonian airspace. One of the main goals of the air force is to build up an air surveillance system, which will be the cornerstone of the air traffic safety and airspace control. The air component is made up by the Aviation Force and the Air Defence Forces.

The Aviation Force is located in Petrovec (near Skopje) and has a combat squadron of Mi-24 attack helicopters, a transport squadron and an Air Defence Battalion along with the Securing and Logistics Support Company.

The Republic of Macedonia abolished the compulsory military service as of October 2006. The Macedonian Army is the first in the region to consist fully of professional soldiers.


Military branches
Army of the Republic of Macedonia (ARM): Joint Operational Command, with subordinate Air Wing (Makedonsko Voeno Vozduhoplovstvo, MVV), Special Operations Regiment (2009)

Military service age and obligation
18 years of age for voluntary military service (2007)

Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 532,856
females age 16-49: 513,684 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 444,247
females age 16-49: 427,556 (2009 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 14,596
female: 13,881 (2009 est.)

Military expenditures
6% of GDP (2005 est.)





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