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Macedonia Healthcare

Following the breakup of the former Yugoslavia, the availability of healthcare statistics for Macedonia was hampered by internal hostilities. Separate healthcare data is slowly emerging from the new independent regions. Physicians in Macedonia are adequately trained, but there is a shortage of pharmaceuticals and medical equipment. Patients who are seriously ill will often go abroad for medical help.

As of 2002, the crude birth rate and overall mortality rate were estimated at, respectively, 13.4 and 7.7 per 1,000 people. There were two births per married woman of childbearing age during 1999. The infant mortality rate has been reduced from 54 per 1,000 live births in 1980 to 14 in 2000. The life expectancy at birth for the average Macedonian was 73 in 2000. In 1994, 229 cases of measles were reported. In 1999 there were 50 cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 people.

Healthcare in the public sector in 1998 was conducted by 6,342 healthcare professionals: 4,501 doctors, 1,144 dentists, 329 pharmacists, and 368 healthcare co-operators. In the healthcare service, there are also 665 healthcare professionals with two-year college degrees and 10,075 with high school degrees. According to these data, there is a total of 24,121 employees, together with the 621 low qualified workers and 6,418 administrative and technical employees in the healthcare organisations.

Skopje has several hospitals and private clinics providing specialties in all fields. The university and the military hospitals are the largest and the most up-to-date. They each have modern American and German equipment. The quality of cardiac care at the university hospital is at a level of 80-85% when compared to Western standards. The number of private medical and dental surgeries is increasing every day.

Most commonly prescribed medications are available in Skopje at a much lower price. Private and state-owned pharmacies (APTEKAs) are scattered throughout the city and are well stocked with medications from Macedonia, Germany, France, Greece, Slovenia and Bulgaria.





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