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Macedonia Government
 
 
 

General

Politics of the Republic of Macedonia occurs within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power in Macedonia is exercised by the government, whose prime minister is the most politically powerful person in the country. The members of the government are chosen by the prime minister and there are ministers for each branch of the society.

The role of the President of the Republic is mostly ceremonial. The President is the commander-in-chief of the state armed forces and a president of the state Security Council. The President of the Republic is elected every five years and he/she can be elected twice at most. The president is obliged to entrust the mandate for constituting the government to a candidate from the party or parties which has/have a majority in the legislative assembly. The government is elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the assembly. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term.

The Macedonian Parliament (Sobranie) is the country's legislative body. It makes, proposes and adopts laws. The 120 members are elected for a mandate of four years through a general election.

Judiciary power, which is independent of the executive and the legislature, is exercised by courts with the court system being headed by the Judicial Supreme Court, Constitutional Court and the Republican Judicial Council. The assembly appoints the judges.

With the passage of a new law and elections held in 2005, local government functions are divided between 78 municipalities (opštini; singular: opština). The capital, Skopje, is governed as a group of ten municipalities collectively referred to as "the City of Skopje". Municipalities in the Republic of Macedonia are units of local self-government. Neighbouring municipalities may establish cooperative arrangements.

Overview

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Macedonia
conventional short form: Macedonia
local long form: Republika Makedonija
local short form: Makedonija
note: the provisional designation used by the UN, EU, and NATO is the "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (FYROM)
former: People's Republic of Macedonia, Socialist Republic of Macedonia

Government type
parliamentary democracy

Capital
name: Skopje
geographic coordinates: 42 00 N, 21 26 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October


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